Guide to probiotics

Autorin: Dr. Beate Fuchs ‎‏‏‎ ‎‏‏‎ ‎|‏‏‎ ‎‏‏‎ ‎‏‏‎Veröffentlicht am: 03. Juni 2020‎‎‏‏‎ ‎‏‏‎ ‎‏‏‎ ‎|‏‏‎ ‎‏‏‎ ‎‏‏‎ ‎Aktualisiert am: 10. Mai 2021



How you can support your health with gut bacteria

Probiotics are essential for a healthy gut. They keep gut flora in balance and can have positive effects on health. In addition, a strong immune system is significantly dependent on the healthy function of your gut. A healthy gut in turn requires intact gut flora which represents a unique interaction of innumerable gut bacteria, also known as the microbiome.

Apart from a variety of immune cells, our gut also houses a large number of nerve cells which is why it is rightly referred to as a “second brain”. Here we show you exactly what gut flora is, how it is connected to your well-being, and how you can promote healthy gut flora.

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Effect of probiotics Effect of probiotics

Probiotics contain "good", i.e. health-promoting intestinal bacteria and thus support the natural intestinal flora in its diverse functions.

Intact gut flora is important for:
● digestion
● gut motility
● immunomodulation
● the production of short-chain fatty acids
● the supply of vitamins
● physical and mental performance

Once the “bad” bacteria predominate, the gut flora can quickly become imbalanced and have a negative effect on our health.

What causes disrupted gut flora? What causes disrupted gut flora??

The causes of disrupted gut flora can be extremely diverse. The most common reason is an imbalanced and low-fibre diet primarily consisting of sugary foods, white flour, baked goods, fried foods, fast food and processed foods.

However, apart from diet, there are other factors which have a negative effect on gut health. For example, antibiotics can disrupt the colonisation of the gut and lead to a decrease in “good” bacteria. This is generally associated with an increase in pathogenic bacteria and can eventually have an effect on digestion and well-being. Environmental toxins which enter our organism directly or indirectly can cause gut problems as well. Persistent stress additionally exposes the body to exceptional circumstances and can also affect gut function.

The microbiome The microbiome

Did you know that, in general, bacteria make up about half of your body? According to the latest research, around 38 billion bacteria and other microorganisms are bustling about on and, in particular, in the human organism – more than one microbe per body cell. Only after a bowel movement with which one to two billion bacteria leave each time are the human cells briefly in the majority. Around 99 percent of our cohabitants live in the digestive tract, in the large intestine in particular. Together, they form the intestinal – that is, gut-based – microbiome.

The image of bacteria has changed. For a long time, they were considered almost exclusively to be intruders to be fought. Today, we know that we could not survive without them. We are so closely intertwined with them that researchers nowadays recognise the person and his/her microbiome to be a common, functional unit, a type of superorganism. Figuratively speaking, the bacteria, as tiny guests receiving “room and board”, support the gut in both of its critical tasks: digestion and immune defence.

Which gut bacteria are there?

The intestines of an adult are approximately 5.5 to 7.5 metres long and its surface area is about a hundred times larger than that of our skin. This gives an idea of how important the gut and thus also gut flora are. Our gut flora is colonised with both “good” and “bad” bacteria and as a whole, they are referred to as the microbiome.

The “good” gut bacteria include, for example,
lactobacilli and bifidobacteria
and the “bad” gut bacteria are, for example,
staphylococci and Clostridioides difficile.

A healthy person is assumed to have about 10 to 100 billion bacteria in the gut which comprise approximately 500 to 1,000 different species of bacteria and have a total weight of about 1-2 kilograms. Apart from this variety of bacteria, nearly 90 percent of immune cells are located in the gut, which makes it clear that the gut flora have a major influence on our immune system and our immune defences.

ProbiotikaBuilding up the gut flora

Probiotische Lebensmittel
Probiotics are living microorganisms which play a major role in our gut health and can build up healthy gut flora. They produce lactic acid which strengthens the “good” bacteria and keeps the “bad” bacteria in check. Probiotic bacteria of this type are found in fermented foods, for example:
● Yoghurt
● Kombucha
● Kefir
● Sauerkraut
● Tempeh

When it comes to probiotic bacteria, the focus is on two bacterial species in particular.

Lactobacilli – also referred to as lactic acid bacteria – are derived from the term “milk” (lactis), which in turn explains the function of these bacteria that live in the gut. They are primarily responsible for the production of lactic acid which contributes to a healthy gut environment and protects the gut from harmful bacteria.

The name “bifidobacteria” comes from the Latin term “bifidus” which means “split or forked” and refers to its shape. Through the production of lactic acid, these bacteria can also protect us from pathogenic microbes. They are also responsible for the production of essential enzymes and vitamins and are therefore especially important for our health. Particularly in newborns, bifidobacteria play a major role for the immune system since they make up about 90 percent of gut flora.

Präbiotika What you should be aware of when buying a probiotic:

A good probiotic provides at least one billion microorganisms (109 CFU = colony-forming units) per daily dose and ideally contains as many bacterial strains as possible. Multispecies probiotics achieve far better results than preparations with only one culture or very few cultures.

For a broad spectrum of effects, there should above all be several substrains of lactobacilli and bifidobacteria, including some lactococcus, enterococcus or streptococcus species. Liquid probiotics with fermented plants and medicinal herbs contribute polyphenols which provide the gut bacteria with an additional benefit.

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Unser bewährtes PRO EM SAN

das Original – mit der einzigartigen Vielfalt an Milchsäurekulturen

• 31 hochdosierte, effektive Mikroorganismen-Stämme v. a. Bifido- und Lactobakterien
• 24 ausgewählte Kräuter- und Pflanzen-Extrakte

Lebende Mikroorganismen können sich aktiv gegen Magensäure schützen.

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